A birth defect is a problem that occurs while a baby is developing in the mother's body. Birth defects are defined as abnormalities of structure, work or metabolism that are present at birth. These abnormalities lead to mental or physical disabilities or are fatal. Birth defects affect about one in every 33 babies born in the United States each year. More than 150,000 children born with birth defects each year in the United States.They are the leading cause of child mortality, over 20% of all deaths in infants. Babies born with birth defects have a higher probability of disease disability and long-term babies without birth defects.
What can happen if the mother and the baby Rh factors are different. Although some drugs can cause problems, the 200 most commonly prescribed medications, no one is a significant risk of birth defects associated. Environmental causes of birth defects more to do with the health of the mother and the effects of chemicals or disease. If a mother has certain infections like rubella during pregnancy can cause birth defects. Birth defects are multifactorial. Caused by a combination of genetic and environmental factors and include neural tube defects and cleft lip and palate Genetics play a role in some birth defects. Each cell in the body has chromosomes containing genes, to determine the unique characteristics of a person.
Treatment of congenital abnormalities is specific to each individual. People with severe or multiple abnormalities usually require a multidisciplinary treatment. Babies with birth defects need an operation or other medical treatments. Prenatal surgery has saved with urinary tract blockages and rare tumors of the lung babies. Other prevention is not smoking and avoid secondhand smoke, avoid alcohol, eat a healthy diet and take prenatal vitamins (make sure you have enough folic acid), avoiding all illicit drugs, exercise and plenty of rest and get early and regular prenatal care. Couples who had or have a family history of birth defects of a child with a birth defect, you should consult a genetic counselor. Obstetrics Rroutine also useful.
Science articles non-smoking and avoid secondhand smoke.
1. Avoid alcohol.
2. Avoid all illegal drugs.
3. A healthy diet and take prenatal vitamins.
4. First movement and plenty of rest.
5. Getting early and regular checkups.